Pollution is the introduction of damaging or toxic materials into the natural environment. Equally, pollution means that the presence of undesirable materials within the natural environment or the state of the natural environment being contaminated with doubtless harmful substances as an outcome of human activities. The pollutants are jointly termed as contaminants since they contaminate and alter the natural environments. Here are the 2 type of environmental pollution
Air pollution is the introduction of harmful substances within the air that leads to damaging impacts to the environmental and humanity. air pollution simply makes the air unclean or contaminated. It happens once harmful substances like foreign gases, odours, dust, or fumes are released in the air at levels that may hurt the comfort or health of animals and humans, or perhaps destroy plants.
Examples of air pollutants (substances that contaminate the air) include hydrocarbons, organic compounds, dirt particles, carbon monoxide gas, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides. pollution results from both human and natural activities. Emissions from power plants present an ideal example of human activities contributing to pollution whereas volcanic eruptions and forest fires are a number of the natural aspects.
Water pollution is the act of contaminating water bodies together with rivers, oceans, lakes, streams, aquifers, and groundwater. It happens once foreign harmful materials like chemicals, waste product, or contaminated substances are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies.
Any alterations in the chemical, physical, or biological water properties qualify as water contamination. Very often, the first contributors to pollution are human activities since they introduce substances that contaminate the water with harmful chemicals and poisonous materials. water contamination is categorised into point source, non-point source, and groundwater.
Point source pollution happens once the contaminants enter a water body from one identifiable source whereas non-point source occurs as a results of cumulative effects of different amounts of contaminants. Groundwater pollution happens through infiltration and affects groundwater sources like wells or aquifers. Water is the considered the second most contaminated environmental resource after air contamination.