A recent study revealed in the Marine Policy journal identified and ranked the foremost harmful forms of garbage on marine animals. This is often the primary study of its kind, because it doesn’t simply pinpoint the quantity of trash within the oceans however the precise impact completely different kinds of trash have on marine life.
1. Most threatening pollutant: lost fishing gear
Carelessly discarded traps, buoys, fishing line and fishing nets are the leading explanation for death and injury to marine animals. These lost things are coined “ghost gear” as a result of they disappear out to ocean however aren't really gone. Instead, they present haunting threats to several life forms. Seals, ocean turtles and seabirds are among the foremost seemingly to be injured.
How you'll be able to help: If you go fishing confirm to use correct practices and ne'er discarding something within the ocean. Responsibly keep track of all fishing gear.
2. Most threatening pollutant: plastic bags
All of these plastic bags handed out at grocery stores and retail outlets are making a giant downside to the health and overall existence of marine animals. Animals typically consume plastic bags or become trapped inside of them, resulting in injury, suffering and even death.
How you'll be able to help: say no to plastic bags in exchange for reusable tote bags made up of recycled materials.
3. Most threatening pollutant: plastic eating utensils
Plastic forks, spoons and knives aren't as innocent as they seem. Plastic utensils become even more dangerous once being broken down into smaller, sharper and more ingestible fragments. these things stay among the foremost deadly as a result of they're simply mistaken for food by seabirds and marine animals.
How you'll be able to help: Ditch the plastic utensils for real silverware, it'd be a lot of work to scrub it up however it’s well worthwhile.
4. Most threatening pollutant: balloons
A favorite party favor among children and adults, balloons could appear fun however they're extremely deadly to marine life. folks typically release balloons up into the sky (intentionally and non-intentionally). because the balloon climbs higher and higher the helium expands. Once it reaches 28,000-feet, freezing cold temperatures at this altitude cause the balloon to freeze. As a result, the balloon ruptures into many small slivers released to the ground. These deadly fragments typically end up in our oceans.
How you'll be able to help: find other fun party favors that are more eco-friendly. Balloons are faraway from your only choice.
5. Most threatening pollutant: cigarette butts
According to the Coastal Cleanup program, cigarette butts remain the foremost usually found kind of debris on beaches over the last thirty years. simply mistaken for food, cigarette butts are a deadly and harmful pollutant capable of greatly harming innocent animals.
How you'll be able to help: Don’t smoke, it’s unhealthy for your health, the surroundings and ocean animals too. Anyone that does smoke ought to responsibly dispose of all cigarette butts and never toss on the ground—no matter how far from the beach you may be.