This article will help us understand that the zoo breeding program is good for endangered animals or not?
Zoo Breeding Programs
Even if a zoo operates a breeding program for an endangered species, those programs don't excuse the infringement on the rights of the individual animals to be free. The individual animals are suffering in captivity for the nice of the species—but most of the people suppose a species is an entity which does not suffer or have rights.
Zoo breeding programs produce the various baby animals that attract the public, however, this results in surplus animals. Contrary to popular belief, the vast majority of zoo breeding programs don't release individuals back into the wild. Instead, the individuals are destined to live their lives in captivity. Some are even sold to circuses, to canned hunting facilities (fenced in areas), or for slaughter.
In 2008, an emaciated Asian elephant named Ned was seized from circus trainer Lance Ramos and transferred to the Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee. Asian elephants are endangered, and Ned had been born at Busch Gardens, which is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. however, neither the endangered conditions nor the zoo's accreditation stopped Busch Gardens from selling Ned to a circus.
Zoo Breeding Programs and Loss of wild environment
Many species are endangered due to loss of environment. As human beings continue to multiply, and urban communities go on expand, we destroy the wild environment. A lot of environmentalists and animal advocates believe that environmental protection is the best way to protect endangered species.
In case a zoo operates a breeding program for an endangered species while there's an insufficient environment for that species in the wild, there's no hope that releasing individuals can refill the wild population. The programs are only creating a situation where small breeding colonies will exist in captivity without any benefit to the wild populations, which will still dwindle until extinction. Despite the small populations in zoos, the species has been deleted from the ecosystem, which defeats the aim of protecting endangered species from an environmental standpoint.
Zoos v. Extinction
Extinction is a tragedy. It is a tragedy from an environmental standpoint because other species may suffer and since it may indicate an environmental problem like loss of wild environment or climate change. Additionally, it is a tragedy from an animal rights standpoint since it means that sentient individuals most likely suffered and died untimely.
However, from an animal rights standpoint, extinction in the wild isn't an excuse to continue keeping individuals in captivity. As explained above, the survival of the species doesn't justify the loss of freedom for the individuals in captivity.