The world of green technology may advance quickly – but we've consistently got one eye on new developments, and what they can accomplish for human beings and our planet.

1. The silk leaf project

Victor of the 2017 Arts Foundation Award for Materials Innovation, the silk leaf project developed the world's first artificially working leaves.

The smart design from British-Italian designer, Julian Melchiorri manages to duplicate the photosynthesis process. There's discussion of incorporating this technology into building designs, basically transforming skyscrapers into forestry.

2. Spray on solar cells

Solar technology is advancing quickly, with the generation of printable solar panels, spray ons, and slim, flexible films – all ready to store energy. It indicates it's now possible to splash solar paint onto surfaces, or coat windows with solar films.

The new and energizing 'perovskite cells' are both cost-effective and profoundly effective. In 7 years they've gone from changing over 3.8% of the light they absorb into electricity, to over 20%.

The potential outcomes are inestimable. Envision electric cars covered with the stuff to keep their batteries working, or energy-efficient structures using solar windows to keep their lights on. It may even give us the technological Holy Grail – a smartphone that never dies

3. Plyscrapers

In the UK, 34% of greenhouse gas emanations are produced from structures. What's more, with 10% of CO2 emissions originating from development materials, it's protected to state that such an excess of structure is a whole no good for the environment. However, new advancements in great ol' fashioned wood have designers reconsidering how we look at tall structures.

New cross-laminated timber is as strong as steel. What's more, since wood ceaselessly assimilates carbon dioxide, these 'plyscrapers' could turn into a major advantage to nature.

PLP Architects presently have plans for an Oakwood Timber Tower in London's Barbican Center and Zaha Hadid Architects have been assigned to manufacture an all-timber football arena for Forest Green Rovers in Gloucestershire.

4. Bio-methane gas

We probably won't prefer to consider it, however there's a lot of power in poo. Treatment plants have used the bio-methane gas from sewage to power electricity power plants for a long time. Be that as it may, presently, new gas-to-grid networks permit water firms to pipe a constant provide of biomethane gas straightforwardly from their plants into the National Grid, and into our homes.

It means the methane created at sewage works – 25 times more dangerous than carbon dioxide – won't be discharged into the world, yet will rather be put to good use, such as heating showers and firing up oven hobs. Biogas generation in the UK multiplied in 2016 and the UK presently has very nearly 90 plants infusing biomethane into the gas grid – a goliath positive development.